For the first
lesson I advise trying the simplest possible stroke, and its application in the
sketching of very simple things. The stroke is a straight mark with the side of
half or two-thirds of a stick of chalk, discard the small end, and use such a
piece in nearly all the lessons given. In this case place the chalk
horizontally upon the board, and drag it gradually downward, keeping an even
pressure upon the chalk. Try this in various directions.
The oblique lines
show what a variety of width may be obtained by changing the angle of the
chalk. At 1, the full length of the chalk is required to give the broad stroke
desired. At Nos. 2, 3, 4 and 5, the line above the stroke indicates the angle
at which the chalk is placed in order to give the width of the strokes below.
The use of the chalk in this manner enables one to obtain any desired width of
line, without constantly changing the piece of chalk. A light or dark tone is
produced by varying the pressure upon the chalk.
In drawing the
telegraph pole, draw first a delicate vertical stroke, then add the horizontal
cross pieces with a stronger accent, and last the white strokes indicating
In the case of the
chicken coop, draw first the oblique slats, then with a stronger pressure upon
the chalk, add the horizontal slats, and lastly, with the point of the chalk
add the accented bits of detail.
Almost any simple
object composed of straight lines may be drawn in this manner.